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Cornwallis

Cornwallis Street Baptist Church to change its name

Historic black church votes for name change in solidarity with Mi’kmaq community

4 min read
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Nzingha Millar
caption Cornwallis Street Baptist church is on Cornwallis street in Halifax’s north end.
Nzingha Millar

A Halifax church, with a history of fighting against racism, has agreed to change its name in support of Indigenous Canadians.

Members of Cornwallis Street Baptist Church voted in January to begin a renaming campaign this spring, after concerns were raised about the colonial history associated with the name of Edward Cornwallis, founder of Halifax.  

Grace Skeir, the church’s licentiate minister, is responsible for collecting submissions for the new name.

“We’re simply named after a street, which doesn’t really have a lot of meaning, and also we were originally called the African Chapel,” says Skeir. “Even initially there was the knowledge of the history of Governor Cornwallis, so there was reason for us to visit the possibility of a change of name.”

The church was established by Rev. Richard Preston in 1832 and the building is a recognized heritage property. It’s also the “mother church” of the African United Baptist Association.

caption “Rev. Richard Preston Baptist Church” is one of the names suggested by church members in honour of its founder.
Nzingha Millar

Along with this, the church has held an important position in the African-Nova Scotian community for over 150 years, as a centre of education and social change during a period of documented racial segregation in the province.

Edward Cornwallis is recognized as the person who founded Halifax in 1749 and was governor of Nova Scotia until 1752.  He has been criticized by aboriginal groups and supporters for his “scalping order,”  a 1749 military decree where he placed a bounty on the heads of Mi’kmaq adults and children. It is not known how many Mi’kmaq people died under this order.

Last April, the Mi’kmaw Native Friendship Centre asked Halifax regional council to change the name of Cornwallis Street. Council received a letter in May from church officials backing the centre’s request.

 

caption Some people have called for HRM to remove the name Cornwallis from municipal property.
Nzingha Millar

“I was totally in support of it,” says Skeir. “I still am. We’re acting in solidarity with our Mi’kmaq connection.”

Cynthia Jordan, who leads the church’s current rebuilding project, says that municipal representatives were reluctant to consider the Mi’kmaq centre’s request because the church held the street’s name. 

caption Cornwallis Street Baptist Church is recognized as the first of 19 historic black baptist churches in Nova Scotia.
Nzingha Millar

In May, council subsequently shot down a motion to allow a public engagement process regarding the use of Cornwallis’s name on municipal properties.

Councillors who opposed the motion stated that the issue was not within the municipality’s mandate.

Other cited reasons were the cost of a public engagement process, impact on staff and the concern that public requests for public engagement processes of a “similar nature” could be made in future.

Coun. Lindell Smith, who represents the district, disagreed with council’s previous decision to refuse an open discussion, stating that new members on council would “understand the social issues around the renaming of Cornwallis.”

Smith says he would be open to reintroducing the discussion to council following the church’s announcement.

If it got down to a point where people are concerned again, then to bring that forward would have to make sense,” he says

The church is set to announce its call for name submissions by the end of March.

“At this stage, what we’re planning to do is make it open to the congregation to make suggestions as to names they would like and to give a rationale for the names that they chose and why it’s important to them,” says Skeir.

She says they hope to unveil the new name before the end of the church rebuilding project, which will begin later this year.

caption Renovation plans for the church sanctuary and adjacent recreational building were revealed at the annual general meeting in January.
Nzingha Millar

Cornwallis Street Baptist Church will hold its annual service in recognition of the International Day for the Elimination of Racial Discrimination this Sunday at 10:45 a.m.

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  1. R

    Raymond Sheppard

    I believe the only persons that might not want a positive change in the renaming of Cornwallis Street and Cornwallis Church, are those with deeply held racist beliefs.
  2. a

    afua cooper

    it should be renamed the African Chapel. Richard Preston would be proud.
  3. J

    JoyceSmithers

    This is the start of something new that should have and has to be done for our neighbourhood and congegration giving it a new beginning. We are all blessed and should accept this change in the name of "GOD". History that has been this barbarec has to be acknowledged by all and accepted for change to the glory of all.
  4. D

    Daniel Paul

    I have never advocated that Cornwallis be erased from history books and never will, but, I do advocate that the books be amended to reflect the TRUTH. The last sentence of the following is what I truly believe. It was part of the Province's press release when I was awarded the ORDER OF NOVA SCOTIA on October 2, 2002: - the Province’s highest award for outstanding contributions, and for bringing honour and prestige to Nova Scotia. Daniel N. Paul is a passionate writer who gives a voice to his people by revealing a past that the standard histories have chosen to ignore.... He has been recognized by the Universite Sainte-Anne with an honourary Doctor of Letters Degree and by the City of Halifax with a millennium award. By bringing new understanding and perspective to the past, he seeks to teach all people what damage racism can do.
  5. A

    Allie Graham

    Thank you for writing / reporting on this, Nzingha!! Such an important story.
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