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Encampment evictions in Halifax may be influenced by Ontario court ruling, says lawyer

Waterloo region housing decision ‘will be looked at by people across the country’

4 min read
Tent covered in green tarp sits in the snow-covered park as pedestrians walk by on the pavement behind it. A white signed propped up on a black chair reads: “Homeless and hungry I’m trying to get a warm place to sleep & hot meal. Can you help a guy out please and thank you God bless.”
caption Several tents form a homeless encampment in Victoria Park in Halifax.
Chase Fitzgerald

An Ontario court ruling could potentially help challenge future encampment evictions in Halifax, says a criminal defence lawyer.

“Any positive decision anywhere in the country is helpful for any kind of case that people may need to raise here,” said Asaf Rashid, who runs a firm on Hollis St.

The Ontario Superior Court of Justice decision ruled the Region of Waterloo couldn’t evict unhoused people from their encampment since there was no room in shelters.

Although the region proved “impressive efforts to accommodate its homeless population,” Justice Michael J. Valente found it to be insufficient.

The decision was based on section 7 of the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms, which states everyone has the right to life, liberty, and security. Should residents in the Kitchener, Ont., encampment be removed, Valente stated their rights would be violated.

Kitchener, Waterloo and Cambridge make up Waterloo region in southern Ontario, roughly 110 km west of downtown Toronto. It has a population of nearly 576,000 according to 2021 Census data.

“To be of any real value to the homeless population,” reads Valente’s Jan. 27 decision, “the space must meet their diverse needs …” Valente noted shelters had accessibility barriers, including a lack of accommodation for gender-diverse needs, couples, and mental and physical disabilities.

Rashid said this decision “will be looked at by people across the country by lawyers across the country who are dealing with similar issues because it’s on point.”

The ruling was made after the Regional Municipality of Waterloo filed an injunction to remove unhoused residents whose encampment at 100 Victoria St. N. violated its bylaw.

Kitchener “needs to follow its own policy to make sure that consultation steps are taken to find proper alternatives,” said Rashid.

Valente’s decision stated Waterloo’s bylaw became “inoperative” because the number of unhoused people outnumber accessible shelter beds.

That bylaw is similar to Bylaw P-600’s section on camping in the Halifax Municipal Act.

Woman in pink winter jacket walks by the fenced-off, snow-covered People’s Park and a white sign that reads in red letters: “Park closed for maintenance.”
caption Nick Meagher Community Park, dubbed “People’s Park,” remains fenced off on Feb. 2, after Halifax Regional Police vacated a homeless encampment  in July 2022. 
Chase Fitzgerald

Should Halifax hypothetically get a similar injunction to evict unhoused people from encampments, Rashid said those removed could challenge it in court with Valente’s ruling.

“It doesn’t really have any direct power over courts here,” Rashid said, “but it can be very convincing due to similar circumstances.”

Rashid, who represented protesters who rallied against the city’s decision to tear down encampments on Aug. 18, 2021, said he has found no indication that Halifax Regional Municipality (HRM) plans to do so.

HRM spokesperson Ryan Nearing said the Waterloo case has been reviewed. Nearing added HRM remains committed to an “empathy-based approach,” which includes working with partners and unhoused people to find solutions.

Such efforts include funding Downtown Halifax’s Navigator Outreach Program, an initiative that helps homeless people secure housing, employment, and obtain identification and medication.

But program co-ordinator Eric Jonsson echoed the need for more accommodating shelters.

“In a lot of cases, people sleeping outside have been timed out of these places and so they cannot be allowed to access shelter for many different reasons,” Jonsson said. Many Halifax shelters, he said, don’t accommodate diverse needs like people with partners, animals or COVID concerns.

Until adequate housing can be offered, the municipality will allow “homeless encampments to remain,” according to the HRM website.

That’s good news for Michel Babineau, a 60-year-old man who lives in Victoria Park.

Man wearing black toque, black jacket and red scarf stands in a snow-covered park with a red sleeping bag draped over a bench in the background.
caption Michel Babineau has pitched a tent in Victoria Park in Halifax.
Chase Fitzgerald

“I thank the city of Halifax for allowing me to have my tent,” he said, adding he moved to Nova Scotia from New Brunswick on Nov. 1.

“In Moncton,” Babineau said, “my tent would be in a dumpster.”

Man wearing black toque, black jacket and red scarf stands beside a grey tent with a blue tarp drapped on top of it in a snow-covered park. He wears one yellow glove and winter boots. There’s a metal chair behind him with clothes on it.
caption Michel Babineau talks in front of his tent in Victoria Park.
Chase Fitzgerald

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